Glossary - Common Wig Terms

Here is a list of some terms you may find on our website. Please let us know if you have any questions.


3/4 Wig or Fall
A hairpiece worn with your own hair to easily and quickly add length, volume, texture, and/or color to your own style. You wear the 3/4 Wig on the back half of your head and style your own hair in the front to blend with it. Some 3/4 Wigs are made with a base that attaches to the top of the head with either combs or clips sewn into the base. Others feature a half-cap or 3/4-cap (a bit smaller than a full wig cap). The front is placed on the head just behind the ears and the back fits over the nape. It is secured with combs or clips sewn into the cap.

Addition, Wiglet or Enhancer
A hairpiece with a base that is smaller than a full-cap wig. Wiglets are worn to fill in areas of thinness. They come in many different varieties and sizes. Some have honeycomb bases with room to pull your own hair through, while others attach with clips or combs.

Adjustable tabs
Elastic straps at the nape area of a wig used for adjusting the circumference fitting/size.

Average Cap Size
The average cap size is generally the following measurements:
Around the Head - 21 1/2"
Front to Back - 14 1/4"
Ear to Ear - 13 1/2"

Average/Large Cap Size
The average/large cap size is generally the following measurements:
Around the Head - 22 1/2"
Front to Back - 14 3/4"
Ear to Ear - 13 3/4"

Blending
To achieve the most realistic color gradations in a final wig, hairpiece, or extension, multi-colors of fiber are mixed together. This process is called "hackling" or "blending."

Butterfly Clip
The Butterfly Clip is a comb with the shape of a butterfly that contains teeth which interlock to attach to your own hair. By squeezing the clip the teeth of the clip proceed to open for easy attachment to your own hair.

C3 Construction
The cap construction that uses the three C's. Cool-easy for your scalp to breathe. Comfortable-material is softer and lighter. Capless-open wefting contributes to the cap weighing less.

Cap
The base or skeleton that gives the wig its shape and a base to attach hair to.

Capless/Open Top
A capless wig is very similar to the standard cap design. However, it does not have the closed lace layer at the crown. It is open-wefted in the back, sides, and crown. This allows for maximum ventilation. It is also the lightest weight cap you can purchase.

Circumference
A measurement of the head or wig, where the edges of the wig sit on the outer perimeter of the hairline around the head.

Chignon
A small hairpiece worn as a bun on the lower back of the head.

Claw Clip
A hair clip with two claws on a spring. This type of clip is very easy to put on and take off.

Color Ring
A manufacturer's ring of color swatches. Each color is shown on an actual hair sample, not a photo, so you can see what the color really looks like.

Crown
The crown is the top of the head. The hair starting at the top of the wig is measured to find the length marked 'crown'.

Cuticle
The cuticle is the outer layer of the hair follicle. Hair has three layers: a cuticle, which is the outer layer; a cortex, which is the middle layer, composed primarily of keratin and moisture, plus melanin, which gives our hair its color; and a medulla, which is the center of the hair shaft.

Enhancer, Wiglet, or Addition
A hairpiece with a base that is smaller than a full-cap wig. Wiglets are worn to fill in areas of thinness. They come in many different varieties and sizes. Some have honeycomb bases with room to pull your own hair through, while others attach with clips or combs.

Fringe
Another name for the fringe is the bangs. The hair at the front/top of the wig is measured to find the length marked 'fringe'.

Hand-Tied
A wig cap that replaces the wide stretch lace used in most of today's wigs with a thinner, more resilient stretch material that actually molds to the shape of the head for a lighter, more secure fit. Tying by hand is not as tight as machine tied which allows the strands to be shifted. By shifting the strands, you can change the part and look of the wig.

Full Sheer Indulgence
Monofilament top with 100% hand-knotted base - Designed with the hair loss client in mind, this construction is uniquely crafted to offer this most discriminating woman the ultimate in wig fashion and comfort. In addition to the benefits of those styles constructed with a monofilament top and machine-made base, the rest of the wig is hand tied for the maximum in quality and light, cool comfort.

Hand-Tied Construction
Wig fibers are tied to the cap by hand. You can brush or comb the hair in any direction you choose.

Headband Wig
A half-cap or 3/4-cap wig that attaches with a hard or soft headband at the front. You can wear your own bangs slicked back underneath the headband or worn styled on the outside.

Human Hair Wigs
Wigs made of human hair are primarily cut in India and China. Wigs made with Human Hair are very durable, however they require more upkeep than synthetic wigs and must be styled on a regular basis. Generally speaking, Human Hair wigs are much heavier than their Synthetic counterparts and more expensive.

Intergration
A term used to describe a type of wig or hairpiece where the wearer can pull their down hair through the base and integrate with the fiber.

Kanekalon Fiber
The Kanekalon Fiber is a modacrylic fiber composed of a combination of two monomers: acrylonitrile and vinyl chloride which are joined together in a process called Co-polymerization. Co-polymerization produces a dry resin which is in turn dissolved into a liquid state, or dope. This solution is forced through a multi-hole metal disk called an aspinnerette, then into a water bath where it coagulates to form continuous strands. These strands or filaments called "tow" are then dried and stretched and finally become fiber as we know it.

Lace Front Mono Top
As the name implies, Lace Front Mono Top is a rather genius marriage between the lace front and mono top constructions. Truly the best of both worlds.

Lace Front Mono Part
Need we say it? The beauty of lace front paired with a mono part makes our Lace Front Mono Part styles sing.

Lace Front Wigs
Lace front wigs include a very fine, peach-colored mesh along the front hairline. The lace must be adhered by a glue or tape and is covered with makeup for a nearly undetectable foundation.

Large Cap Size
The large cap size is generally the following measurements:
Around the Head - 23"
Front to Back - 15 1/4"
Ear to Ear - 14"

Memory Cap
A wig cap that replaces the wide stretch lace used in most of today's wigs with a thinner, more resilient stretch material that actually molds to the shape of the head for a lighter, more secure fit.

Monofilament
A type of wig base made of fine mesh. Hair is individually knotted onto the mesh which gives the wearer the ability to style the hair in any direction. The light mesh is airy, comfortable, and nearly undetectable because it blends in with the wearer's own scalp. Some wigs feature 100% monofilament caps, while others utilize a monofilament area only at the top. Some wigs feature a monofilament crown which has a small monofilament portion about the size of a quarter at the back of the crown.

Mono Top
The wefts of capless are joined by an oval crown of very fine, sheer fabric—called monofilament—in Mono Top wigs. This oval reaches from the front of the scalp to the crown. Upon the monofilament base, hair is hand tied which allows for a beautiful natural look no matter how the hair is parted or styled.

Mono Part
Similar to the Mono Top, Mono Part wigs integrates a soft monofilament construction along the part line upon which hand tied fibers create a real hair growth look. Because the monofilament only lays along the part—left, right, or middle—the wig should only be parted as originally designed for the most realistic look.

Nape
The nape is the back of the neck. The hair starting at the back of the neck is measured to find the length marked 'nape'.

Open Ear Tabs
Flexible material that allows ear tabs to adjust and contour to the face at your temple. Ideal if you wear glasses.

Open Top/Capless
Without a cap? Not exactly. Instead, capless construction (or Open Top, as we like to call it) consists of structural strips upon which the hair is attached. Think, little waterfalls of hair perfectly spaced. This design yields a nicely ventilated surface which allows air to pass through. Due to the fiber being aligned in strips, it is typically styled with less of a part and more volume at the crown to provide coverage.

Optimum Cuticle Hair
Optimum Cuticle Hair has been treated yet not compromised to achieve the best performance with neat identical cuticle status. Optimum Cuticle Hair is the complete hair strand (including the cuticle) that retains its ability to remain tangle-free and more of its original luster. It is referred by many as "Remy", "Virgin" or "Cut hair". We are the only company to offer you and your clients finely crafted 100% Optimum Cuticle Hair in wig and hair solutions.

O'Solite
The cap construction is cool, lightweight and secure. The fiber mix is new, but thoroughly tested, and feels as soft as real hair. Yet, it has enough body and memory to keep its style.

Permanent Lift
Backcombing provides body and fullness to your wig styles.

Permanent Tease
Crimping at the base adds hair volume to your wig style without adding weight.

Petite Cap Size
The petite cap size is generally the following measurements:
Around the Head - 21"
Front to Back - 13 1/4"
Ear to Ear - 13"

Petite/Average Cap Size
The petite/average cap size is generally the following measurements:
Around the Head - 21 1/4"
Front to Back - 13 3/4"
Ear to Ear - 13 1/4"

Remy (Remi) Human Hair
Human hair that has not been weakened by stripping. Unlike most human hair used in wigs and hairpieces, Remy hair is created by careful processing which leaves the cuticle in place. The result is stronger, superior hair. To avoid tangling, Remy hair strands must all be aligned so the cuticle runs in the same direction. Remy hair is more expensive than cuticle-free human hair, and is also referred to as cuticle hair.

Sheer Indulgence
Raquel Welch's monofilament technology featuring individually hand knotted hair for a completely natural, lightweight look, a soft, luxurious comfort, and hair that brushes in any direction for easy parting and styling.

Sheer Indulgence Monofilament Styles
The comfort and versatility is hard to believe, but so easy to achieve with Sheer Indulgence With a wide variety of looks to satisfy any woman's fashion needs, all styles in this collection offer some form of monofilament construction.

Sheer Indulgence Part
Our newest SHEER INDULGENCE cap features a wide monofilament part with Memory Cap construction and our exclusive Vibralite synthetic fiber. Providing a true-to-life scalp-like appearance, the wide monofilament part allows the wearer to style a conventional part or the popular zigzag part featured in many of the latest salon styles.

Sheer Indulgence Top
Featured in the majority of SHEER INDULGENCE styles, the SHEER INDULGENCE Top cap offers a Monofilament top with machine-made base and our exclusive Vibralite synthetic fiber. Made to exact specifications, the hair in the entire top area of the Sheer Indulgence Top wig is hand knotted, one by one, providing forward movement and the look of natural growth. This feature allows the flexibility of parting the hair on the left or right or in the center. A polyurethane front rim has been added to accommodate tape attachment for added security, if needed. Luminous, hand blended colors provide the look and highlights of natural hair.

Sheer Lines Front
SHEER INDULGENCE Sheer Lines cap includes 100% human hair with a monofilament top. Our new Sheer Lines monofilament front and machine made base. In addition to the features offered in the Sheer Indulgence top, our Sheer Lines front includes fine human hair is individually knotted on 1/8" wide, ultra-sheer netting that goes from ear to ear along the polyurethane front rim of the cap resulting in a low density, natural looking hairline. You would swear the hair is growing right out of the scalp for amazing off-the-face styling versatility.

Single drawn hair
Refers to the length of hair within a weft that has been cut from one end on ly which means there will be varying lengths of hair (i.e. 16" hair my have 12", 14" and 16")

Skin Part
A skin part means the wig is parted in a fixed location, and gives the illusion of skin where it is parted. Wigs with a skin part are more affordable than a full monofilament and still give you a very natural look.

Standard Cap
A standard cap is the most common and most affordable cap design. The layers of hair are open-wefted in the back and sides to allow for ventilation and have a closed lace layer at the crown. The hair at the crown is often lightly teased or crimped so you can not see down through the cap. This type of cap often gives the hair a natural lift at the crown for volume.

Stretch Lace
Allows the wig to conform to the shape of your head, giving you a secure, comfortable fit.

Style memory
Every synthetic wig has its "Style" baked into it, whether it is curled or straight.

Swatches
a small section of hair used as a sample for color, texture, and/or fiber

Switch Attachment
An elastic loop attachment that acts like a ponytail holder to attach the hair piece.

Synthetic Wigs
Wigs made primarily of modacrylic fibers that have the look and feel of real hair. The fibers have memory which allows the original styling to be restored in most cases by simply spraying with a water bottle and drying from underneath. An additional advantage is that synthetic fibers are not porous and cannot absorb orders.

Thin Wefts
A revolutionary technique that allows hair to be more evenly distributed so your wig is more comfortable to wear and much easier to style.

Weaving
The process of forming a base (or track) along the scalp to attach wefted hair.

Wefts
Strands of hair fibers are sewn together at one end to make a curtain of hair. These wefts are sewn onto the cap to simulate natural hair.

Wig Cap
A thin, stretchy, close-fitting cap that is worn underneath a wig to secure the wearer's own hair. Our wig caps are available in nylon, fishnet, and cotton.

Wiglet, Enhancer or Addition
A hairpiece with a base that is smaller than a full-cap wig. Wiglets are worn to fill in areas of thinness. They come in many different varieties and sizes. Some have honeycomb bases with room to pull your own hair through, while others attach with clips or combs.

Wing Comb
Strong combs that have teeth evenly spaced so that when pushed together the teeth hold and interlock in and under your own hair.

Yaki
A relaxed texture for ethnic weave styles. It has a crimped, course look.

 

Join Our Mailing List